|The Republican Candidates|
|Declared: Newt Gingrich, Ron Paul, Mitt Romney, Rick Santorum.|
|Mitt Romney was born in Detroit, Michigan on March 12, 1947. He is the son of George W. Romney (the former Governor of Michigan) and Lenore Romney. He was raised in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan and served as a Mormon missionary in France. He received his undergraduate degree from Brigham Young University, then earned a joint Juris Doctor/Master of Business Administration degree from the Harvard Law School and Harvard Business School.After 10 years at Bain & Company Romney co-founded Bain Capital, which quickly became a highly successful private equity investment firm. Romney returned to Bain & Company as CEO in 1990, which was facing financial collapse. In one year, he had led Bain & Company through a highly successful turnaround.In 1999 Romney was hired as the new president and CEO of the troubled Salt Lake City Games and brought the games to a successful conclusion.After losing in a senate race to Ted Kennedy in 1994 he ran for governor in the highly democratic Massachusetts in 2002. As governor Romney proposed and signed into law a private, market-based reform that ensures every Massachusetts citizen will have health insurance, without a government takeover and without raising taxes.In 2008 Romney ran for the Republican nomination for the presidency. He won 11 primaries and caucuses, received about 4.7 million total votes, and garnered about 280 delegates. Romney spent $110 million during the campaign, including $45 million of his own money.|
|Ron Paul was born August 20, 1935 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He received a B.S. degree in biology at Gettysburg College in 1957. He was a member of Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity. After earning an M.D. degree from the Duke University School of Medicine, he was a U.S. Air Force flight surgeon during the 1960s.In 1974, Paul ran for 22nd district seat and lost to incumbent Robert R. Casey. President Gerald Ford appointed Casey to head the Federal Maritime Commission, and Paul won a 1976 special election to fill the seat. Months later in the general election, Paul lost to Democrat Robert Gammage, by fewer than 300 votes. He then defeated Robert Gammage in a 1978 rematch, and was reelected in 1980 and 1982.In 1996, Paul was re-elected to Congress in Texas’s 22nd District. Paul entered the race hopeful that his Constitutionalist policies of tax cuts, closing federal agencies, and curbing the U.N. would have broader support than in the past. The Republican National Committee focused instead on encouraging Democrats to switch parties, as Paul’s primary opponent, incumbent Greg Laughlin, had done in 1995. The party threw its full weight behind Laughlin, including support from House Speaker Newt Gingrich, Texas Governor George W. Bush, and the National Rifle Association. Paul responded by running newspaper ads quoting Gingrich’s harsh criticisms of Laughlin’s Democratic voting record 14 months earlier. Paul won the primary and the seat in the general election.Ron Paul has authored many bills than such as term limits, abolishing the income tax and abolishing the Federal Reserve that have died in committee, but he has also written successful legislation to prevent eminent domain seizures. By amending other legislation, he has barred funding for national identification numbers, funding for federal teacher certification, International Criminal Court jurisdiction over the U.S. military, American participation in any U.N. global tax, and surveillance on peaceful First Amendment activities by citizens.
In the 1988 presidential election, Paul defeated American Indian activist Russell Means to win the Libertarian Party nomination for president. On the ballot in 46 states and the District of Columbia, Paul placed third in the popular vote with 432,179 votes behind Republican winner George H. W. Bush and Democrat Michael Dukakis.
In 2008 Ron Paul ran for president for the Republican nomination and received a very respectable 10% of the vote. Nationally he became somewhat of an internet phenomenon raising millions of dollars form individual contributors and effectively started the “Ron Paul Revolution”.
Though his race for the presidency failed in 2008 in failed to win the nomination, it didn’t fail to build a strong grassroots following and it opened the door for the creation of the Tea Party.
|Newt Gingrich was born June 17, 1943 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. He grew up in a military family, moving a number of times and attended school at various military installations. He graduated from Baker High School in Columbus, Georgia, in 1961. After becoming interested in history he received his Bachelor’s degree from Emory University and Master’s and Doctorate in Modern European History from Tulane University.Before his election to Congress in 1978, Newt taught History and Environmental Studies at West Georgia College for eight years. Gingrich was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia’s 6th district and served from 1979 to 1999. He was the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. During his reign he co-authored the “Contract with America” and lead the Republican Revolution in the House, ending 40 years of the Democratic Party being in the majority.Under his leadership in Congress and with President Bill Clinton, the budget was balanced for the first time in a generation. In addition they reformed welfare, leading to over sixty percent of welfare recipients either getting a job or going to school.The House voted 395 to 28 to reprimand Gingrich in 1997, including a $300,000 “cost assessment” to recoup money spent on the investigation. This was the first time in the House’s history that the Speaker had been disciplined for ethics violations Republicans lost five seats in the House in the 1998 midterm elections—the worst performance in 64 years for a party that didn’t hold the residency. Polls showed that Gingrich and the Republican Party’s attempt to remove President Clinton from office was widely unpopular among Americans. As the House leader, Gingrich suffered much of the blame for the loss. He announced on November 6, 1998 thathe would not only stand down as Speaker, but would leave the House completely.Newt Gingrich is an accomplished author of several fiction and non fiction books including:The Government’s Role in Solving Societal Problems Windowof Opportunity Contract with America (co-editor) Restoring the Dream Quotationsfrom Speaker Newt. To Renew America Lessons Learned The Hard Way Presidential Determination Regarding Certification of the Thirty-Two Major Illicit
Narcotics Producing and Transit Countries Saving Lives and Saving Money
Winning the Future Rediscovering God in America: Reflections on the Role
of Faith in Our Nation’s History and Future A Contract with the Earth,
with Terry L. Maple Real Change: From the World That Fails to the World
That Works Gettysburg: A Novel of the Civil War Grant Comes East Never
Call Retreat: Lee and Grant: The Final Victory Pearl Harbor: A Novel of
December 8th Days of Infamy Thomas Dunne Books To Try Men’s Souls: A Novel
of George Washington and the Fight for American Freedom Valley Forge:
George Washington and the Crucible of Victory
|Rick Santorum In 1990, at age 32, Santorum was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives to represent Pennsylvania’s 18th congressional district, located in the eastern suburbs of Pittsburgh. He scored a significant upset in the heavily Democratic district, defeating seven-term Democratic incumbent Doug Walgren by a 51%-49% margin. During his campaign Santorum repeatedly criticized Walgren for living outside the district for most of the year. Although the 18th District was redrawn for the 1992 elections, and the new district had a 3:1 ratio of registered Democrats to Republicans, Santorum still won re-election with 61% of the vote.
In 1993, Santorum was one of 17 House Republicans who sided with most Democrats to support legislation that prohibited employers from permanently replacing striking employees. As a member of the Gang of Seven, Santorum was involved in the exposing the members of Congress involved in the House banking scandal.
Santorum served in the U.S. Congress as a Senator from Pennsylvania from 1995 to 2006. From 2001 until 2007, he was the Senate’s third-ranking Republican. He was first elected to the U.S. Senate during the 1994 Republican takeover, narrowly defeating the incumbent Democrat, Harris Wofford, 49% to 47%. The theme of Santorum’s 1994 campaign signs was “Join the Fight!” During the race, he was considered an underdog, as his opponent was 32 years his senior. He was re-elected in 2000, defeating U.S. Congressman Ron Klink by a 52%-46% margin.
In 1996, Santorum served as Chairman of the Republican Party Task Force on Welfare Reform, and contributed to legislation that became the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act. Santorum was an author and the floor manager of the bill. In 1996, Santorum endorsed moderate Republican Arlen Specter in his short-lived campaign for president. Reporters have observed that though Santorum and Specter differed on social policy, Specter provided him with key political staff for his successful run in 1994.